Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top 2 inches (5.1 cm) to 8 inches (20 cm). It has the highest concentration of organic matter and microorganisms and is where most of the Earth’s biological soil activity occurs. Plants generally concentrate their roots in and obtain most of their nutrients from this layer. The actual depth of the topsoil layer can be measured as the depth from the surface to the first densely packed soil layer known as subsoil.
Fill dirt is usually subsoil (soil from beneath the top soil) and underlying soil parent material which has little soil organic matter or biological activity. Fill dirt is taken from a location where soil is being removed as a part of leveling an area for construction; it may also contain sand, rocks, and stones, as well as earth. A common use of fill dirt is to fill in a low lying construction site to raise the level of the building foundation in order to reduce the chances of flooding.
Fill dirt is also used for landscaping projects which involve the creation of ridges and earth structures for pools, waterfalls, and other water features as well as to break up a level area in order to provide more interesting textures to the landscape.
Poly-Benda-Board Edging – 100 % recycled plastic. Flexible & durable, Versatile & Easy to Install ( make circles to corners ), Slip joints connect the 20′ peices. 2- colors (Redwood or Sand ). Sizes 1 x4, 2 x 4, 1x 6
Bella-Board Decking – Recycled wood & plastic. Exceptional Rigidity for pathways, boardwalks, & decking. Minimal thermal expansion, inhibits weed migration. 4-colors (Grey, Redwood, Sand or Brown). Sizes 4 x 6 nominal, ( actual 15/16″ x 5 1/2″ )
Geotextiles and related products have many applications and currently support many civil engineering applications including roads, airfields, railroads, embankments, retaining structures, reservoirs, canals, dams, bank protection, coastal engineering and construction site silt fences. Usually geotextiles are placed at the tension surface to strengthen the soil. Geotextiles are also used for sand dune armoring to protect upland coastal property from storm surge, wave action and flooding. A large sand-filled container (SFC) within the dune system prevents storm erosion from proceeding beyond the SFC. Using a sloped unit rather than a single tube eliminates damaging scour.
Erosion control manuals comment on the effectiveness of sloped, stepped shapes in mitigating shoreline erosion damage from storms. Geotextile sand-filled units provide a “soft” armoring solution for upland property protection. Geotextiles are used as matting to stabilize flow in stream channels and swales.
Geotextiles can improve soil strength at a lower cost than conventional soil nailing. In addition, geotextiles allow planting on steep slopes, further securing the slope.
Bring out the natural beauty of your stone with a wet look, low sheen, or satin sealers. Also helps hold smaller aggregates or barks/rubber mulch’s in place. The longevity and usefulness of stone can be extended by sealing its surface effectively, so as to exclude harmful liquids and gases.
Natural stone is used in kitchens, floors, walls, bathrooms, dining rooms, around swimming pools, building foyers, public areas and facades. Since ancient times, stone has been popular for building and decorative purposes. It has been valued for its strength, durability, and insulation properties. It can be cut, cleft, or sculpted to shape as required, and the variety of natural stone types, textures, and colors provide an exceptionally versatile range of building materials. The porosity and makeup of most stone does, however, leave it prone to certain types of damage if unsealed.